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Addiction Treatment Programs

If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, there are many treatment options available today. The good news is that most insurance companies offer some coverage for detox, addiction counseling and therapy programs.[1] With so many treatment options, you may be wondering which programs fit your needs. When you work with a professional rehab center, therapists and medical professionals work together to find the right program for your specific needs. It helps to understand the program structures and therapy approaches.

Alcoholism Treatment Program

Addiction Treatment Program Structures

The structure of a program is an important consideration. In any program, and with any combined therapies, professionals maintain these key goals:[2]

  • Reducing or eliminating substance use.
  • Improving function and quality of life.
  • Minimizing risks of relapse.

Treatment programs start during or after detox, which is the first step. Detox is the process of the body removing substances. It can come with unpleasant side effects, which professionals can provide medications to reduce or relieve. Since the withdrawal side effects of some substances can be dangerous or life-threatening, it is ideal to detox under 24/7 medical supervision.[3]

Program structure recommendations can vary from one person to another. For instance, someone who lives in an unsafe environment and has a long history of addiction may be a better candidate for staying in a facility 24/7 for treatment, and someone who has a shorter addiction history and many life responsibilities may be a better candidate for outpatient treatment. These are the main treatment program structures.

Residential Program

Also called inpatient treatment, this structure involves staying in a rehab facility 24/7. Long-term residential programs usually last several months or up to a year. Short-term programs may be about a month or a few months. Residential treatment is ideal for people with a high risk of relapse.

Partial Hospitalization Program

A PHP is the middle ground between residential and outpatient treatment. It involves longer and more frequent therapy sessions. In many cases, a PHP includes five weekly treatment sessions that last about five hours each. However, people still go home. This is a good solution for people who need stabilization but cannot commit to inpatient care or do not meet all the criteria for needing it.

Intensive Outpatient Program

An IOP is a step below a PHP. Although treatment session frequency and length vary based on individual needs, an IOP usually involves a few sessions per week that are about a few hours each. It is better for people who need more intensive care but do not need a PHP.

Outpatient Program

Outpatient treatment is a structure that involves at least a few hours per week of therapy. It may be a step in ongoing treatment after a person completes detox and a PHP or an IOP. Outpatient treatment is usually in a facility. Some facilities may offer telehealth counseling to people who have disabilities or cannot travel to a facility every week.

Sober Living and Recovery Residences

Sober living homes provide structured living and help people rebuild their lives as they transition from rehab to regular life. They live in the home for a period of time as they work, rebuild family ties or work on other life goals. A sober living home is a good solution for someone who does not have a safe or supportive environment and has a high risk of relapse. Recovery residences are similar and offer a safe and supportive environment for people as they recover. Both types of homes help connect people with sober activities, 12-step meetings and other forms of support.

Addiction Treatment Therapies and Programs

In any type of treatment structure, there are several therapy approaches that professionals use. The right mix of approaches may depend on individual needs. These are the main types of therapies people can expect to see during treatment.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT is a form of talk therapy that is designed to help people learn more about themselves.[4] Although it is used in general mental health therapy, it is also useful for addiction treatment. It helps therapists and people who struggle with addiction learn about the root causes for using substances. There may be an underlying mental health issue, past trauma or other factors. People become more aware of their behaviors and choices. Therapists use dialectical behavior therapy, which is a form of CBT, to help them learn how to change behaviors, deal with triggers and develop healthier coping mechanisms.

Trauma Counseling

Over 50% of people experience a traumatic event at least once in life.[5] As a result, there are emotional effects. They may be lasting and lead to post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. Past trauma may be related to abuse, rape or another violent crime. It may be the result of an accident, war or anything else. Therapists help people deal with the emotional effects of the trauma and develop healthy ways to cope with life’s challenges as they relate to the trauma. Without these skills, people are more likely to turn back to substances to cope.

Group Therapy

Group therapy may involve CBT and other therapy approaches. It involves others who struggle with addiction. In group therapy, a therapist supervises the session. Group members take turns sharing their struggles. They may offer suggestions, feedback and support to one another. The goal is to create a supportive and safe environment. When people are surrounded by others with similar challenges who support them, they often feel more encouraged to remain in recovery.[6]

Individual Therapy

While group therapy is beneficial for recovery, individual therapy is one of the most important types of treatment for staying in recovery. In this approach, the therapist uses CBT and other methods for a person’s specific needs. The goal is to identify and address every effect that addiction has on the individual. People often discuss work, family life, relationships and any other struggles. Therapists help them work on each specific issue with proven tactics to improve their lives in various ways.

12-Step Meetings

The 12-step program started with Alcoholics Anonymous in the 1930s.[7] Over the years, it expanded to include narcotics and a wide variety of other addictions. There are many programs in nearly every city, giving people who are in recovery more options to connect with support and stay encouraged to remain sober. The 12 steps are sequential steps that people go through to strengthen them as they start recovery. In rehab, therapists introduce people to 12-step programs to ensure that they are comfortable going to meetings after they finish detox, inpatient treatment or any initial intensive treatment. In a 12-step program, a person who is newly sober has an experienced mentor called a sponsor. People often try to go to meetings daily, weekly or as often as a therapist or sponsor recommends.

Dual Diagnosis Therapy

Dual diagnosis therapy is for people who have a cooccurring mental health disorder. It is an important type of treatment since mental health issues often contribute to a person seeking substances.[8] For instance, someone who is depressed and feels tired or down all the time may seek an addictive stimulant to treat those issues. Also, some people develop mental health issues as a result of prolonged substance misuse. Because the two types of conditions can exacerbate one another, it is important to treat them both at the same time. Leaving one condition untreated significantly increases relapse risks. With dual diagnosis treatment, therapists address the addiction and the cooccurring disorder for a better outcome.

Supportive Therapies

There are also therapies in treatment programs that support overall wellness of mind, body and spirit. Some examples include holistic therapies, such as meditation, yoga, art, massage, acupuncture and more. They help people feel better and develop healthier habits.

Why Professional Addiction Treatment Programs Are Important

In order to beat the cycle of addiction, people must understand themselves. Treatment is designed to accomplish that and to help people learn how to overcome problems, cope with life and deal with life’s challenges in positive ways. They learn how to live fuller lives without substances, improve communication, repair relationships and more. Treatment also helps people understand addiction and its complexities. They learn that it is a relapsing brain disease and how it affects judgment, decisions and behavior.[9]

Learn More About Addiction Treatment in Florida

We offer these programs and more in our Boynton Beach facility. If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction, ReCreate Life Counseling is here to help. Please contact us to learn more about addiction treatment in Florida.

References
[1] https://www.healthcare.gov/coverage/mental-health-substance-abuse-coverage/
[2] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64815/
[3] https://www.healthline.com/health/alcoholism/how-long-does-it-take-to-detox-from-alcohol#timeline
[4] https://www.apa.org/ptsd-guideline/patients-and-families/cognitive-behavioral
[5] https://www.verywellmind.com/trauma-therapy-definition-types-techniques-and-efficacy-5191413
[6] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/drug-addiction-treatment-in-united-states/types-treatment-programs
[7] https://12step.org/home/media/billw-history/
[8] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/common-comorbidities-substance-use-disorders/part-1-connection-between-substance-use-disorders-mental-illness
[9] https://archives.drugabuse.gov/publications/media-guide/science-drug-use-addiction-basics

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