Provigil (Modafinil) is a psychostimulant (a wakefulness-promoting stimulant) that is often prescribed for narcolepsy as it promotes wakefulness. Provigil can also sometimes be prescribed for shift work sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, fatigue, and ADHD. It works differently than Adderall, however, the mechanism of action is not quite understood.
Provigil is considered a Schedule IV controlled substance by the DEA. Schedule IV drugs are considered to be a low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence, but those with a history of drug abuse are cautioned against using this medication.
What is Adderall?
Adderall is a highly addictive, central nervous system stimulant medication that is used to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and narcolepsy. It contains two substances: amphetamine salts and dextroamphetamine. Adderall works by increasing certain types of brain activity; it increases the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the central nervous system.
Dopamine occurs naturally in the body. It is the body’s natural feel-good chemical that creates a rewarding effect. Drugs like Adderall produce unnaturally high levels of dopamine. Adderall is a Schedule II controlled substance by the DEA. Schedule II drugs have a high potential for abuse and can lead to severe physical or psychological dependence.
Dangers of Adderall and Provigil Abuse
Both Adderall and Provigil are stimulant medications. They can improve energy, increase focus, increase concentration, and may also improve listening skills and help a person to better organize. This makes both of these medications at risk for abuse. Even though Provigil has a low risk of abuse and dependence, it can still be abused especially in someone that has a history of substance abuse issues.
Adderall at high doses can cause intense effects and produce euphoria. Provigil at high doses can help with fatigue and increase alertness, but users are not likely to experience the high and euphoria like Adderall causes.
Prescription Stimulants Like Provigil and Adderall Are Addictive
The National Institute on Drug Abuse asked “Can prescription stimulant use lead to substance abuse disorder and addiction?”
Yes, misuse of prescription stimulants can lead to a substance use disorder (SUD), which takes the form of addiction in severe cases. Long-term use of stimulants, even as prescribed by a doctor, can cause a person to develop a tolerance, which means that he or she needs higher and/or more frequent doses of the drug to get the desired effects. A SUD develops when continued use of the drug causes issues, such as health problems and failure to meet responsibilities at work, school, or home. (DRUGABUSE.GOV)
The number one danger of abusing drugs like Adderall or Provigil is that it can lead to addiction. Addiction negatively impacts a person’s physical and mental well-being. Some of the other dangers of abusing stimulants like Adderall and Provigil can include:
- Heart complications
- Hypertension (increased blood pressure)
- Sleep disturbances
- Weight loss
- Lowered immune response
- Sudden death
Abusing Provigil can also cause headaches and nausea as well as cause complications in people with liver disease.
Once someone has developed an addiction to any prescription stimulant, they will most likely experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking the medication. At this point, the best course of action is to get into a supervised medical detox treatment program so the individual can be monitored by staff around the clock.
Treatment for Addiction to Adderall or Provigil
If you or someone you love is struggling with an addiction to Adderall or Provigil, our addiction specialists are available around the clock to assist you. Recreate Life Counseling offers evidence-based addiction treatment. Our cutting-edge addiction treatment will lead you on a road to long-lasting recovery. At Recreate Life Counseling, we love our military members. We are here to help you. You don’t have to suffer any longer. Call us today for more information on our unique treatment programs.